Northern Lihgt | aurora borealis
Palą się hajduki w męce | burning man




Palmanova 01


Palmanova 02


Palmanova is in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italy. The architecture is remarkable; Palmanova is both one of the earliest planned cities and one of the latest examples of a medieval walled city.



  • Location:  Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Northeast Italy, Italy, Europe
  • Population:  5,440
  • Latitude:  45° 54' 19.4" (45.9054°) north
  • Longitude:  13° 18' 35.9" (13.31°) east
  • Elevation:  27 metres (89 feet)





Rundling Leipzig-Lößnig  errichtet 1929-1930  Hubert Ritter (German architect  1886-1967)

Rundling Leipzig-Lößnig, errichtet 1929-1930, Hubert Ritter (German architect, 1886-1967)

 Credit: Volker M. Welter; The Limits of Community – The Possibilities of Society: On Modern Architecture in Weimar Germany, Oxford Art Journal, Volume 33, Issue 1, 1 March 2010, Pages 63–80, 




Rundling 01


Rundling 03

Rundling is a building and is nearby to Lößnig, Dölitz and Marienbrunn. Rundling is also close to Bahnhof Leipzig-Connewitz.

  • Location:  Saxony, Germany, Central Europe, Europe
  • Latitude:  51° 17' 46.4" (51.2962°) north
  • Longitude:  12° 23' 36.6" (12.3935°) east
  • Elevation:  128 metres (420 feet)


Hubert Ritter was appointed as municipal architect and town planner by Leipzig city council in 1924 and soon secured a large green field site south of the city for his development. The natural topography of the site was further enhanced by scaling the rings so that the inner ring is one storey taller than the outer rings. On its completion in 1930 the complex comprised of 24 blocks, arranged in three concentric rings, the outer ring having a diameter of 300 meters. It boasted 624 flats with eleven different floor plans, each flat being configured to maximise the available light and avoid having living rooms facing north.

The circular plan clearly breaks with the traditional urban street layout of German cities, and was intended to help focus the community inwards (in a positive way). Inevitably perhaps, given its circular shape and location, the names of its various components are taken from Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung. The central space (Siegfriedplatz) originally held a swimming pool but is now left exposed and rather forlorn, its scrubby grass seems an anti-climax, a lost opportunity.



image from


Wohnanlage Rundling Leipzig-Lößnig, errichtet 1929-1930, Architekt Hubert Ritter.
Source Christoph Kaufmann: Fotoatelier Hermann Walter. Leipzig 1918–1935. Pro Leipzig, Leipzig 2010, ISBN 978-3-936508-61-1
Author Atelier Hermann Walter
  • Bernhard Müller (* 1860; † 1930)
  • Karl Walter (* 1877; † ))



Black Rock City

Black Rock City, Nevada is an ephemeral town that exists for only one week each year, during „Burning Man”, a radical arts festival. At its maximum occupancy, the town has about 60,000 citizens and a post office, an emergency services crew, a volunteer police department, roads, houses, bars, clubs, restaurants, and hundreds of art installations and participatory „theme camps”.


  • Location:  Northern Nevada, Nevada, Southwest, United States, North America
  • Population:  10
  • Latitude:  40° 46' 0.6" (40.7668°) north
  • Longitude:  119° 13' 41.7" (119.2282°) west
  • Elevation:  1,191 metres (3,907 feet)




Black Rock City 01



Black Rock City 03


Black Rock City 04


Black Rock City 05


image from


Burning Man 2016 Fire Nights 274

Source Burning Man 2016 Fire Nights 274
Author Studios from The Inner Mission San Francisco, Earth




image from


Burning Man 2016 Fire Nights 270

Source Burning Man 2016 Fire Nights 270
Author Studios from The Inner Mission San Francisco, Earth