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Individualität | idiotês

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Individualität (idiotês: Stoiker) heißt die Eigenheit, Eigenart, Sonderart, die Einheit der Merkmale und Eigenschaften eines Einzelwesens, eines Menschen, der Individualcharakter. Es kann eine physische und eine psychische, auch eine ethische Individualität unterschieden werden. Im engeren Sinne ist eine »Individualität« ein aus der Menge hervorragendes Individuum. Solche Individualität ist nur innerhalb der Gesellschaft und durch social-historische Entwicklung möglich (vgl. LAZARUS, Zeitschr. f. Völkerpsychol. II, 279 ff.). Nach SULLY ist Individualität »die besondere Anhäufung geistiger Mekmale, welche einer Person ihr eigentümliches Gepräge gibt« (Handb. d. Psychol. S. 442). Vgl. Individualpsychologie, Individuum.

 

Quelle:
Eisler, Rudolf: Wörterbuch der philosophischen Begriffe, Band 1. Berlin 1904, S. 504.
Lizenz:
 
 
 

Eisler-individualitat-idiota-1904-001-0504
 


 

one's own, pertaining to oneself: hence,

Henry George Liddell. Robert Scott. A Greek-English Lexicon. revised and augmented throughout by. Sir Henry Stuart Jones. with the assistance of. Roderick McKenzie. Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1940.

 Credit: Greek English Lexikon


 

Etymologie

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Greek idiosunkrāsiā : idio-, idio- + sunkrāsis, mixture, temperament (sun-, syn- + krāsis, a mixing).

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

First attested in 1604, in modern sense since 1665, from Old French idiosyncrasie, from Ancient Greek ἰδιοσυγκρασία (idiosunkrasia, "one’s own temperament"), from ἴδιος (idios, "one’s own") + σύν (sun, "together") + κρᾶσις (krasis, "temperament").
 
 

idiosyncrasy (ĭdˌē-ō-sĭngˈkrə-sē)

 
  • n.
    A structural or behavioral characteristic peculiar to an individual or group.
  • n.
    A physiological or temperamental peculiarity.
  • n.
    An unusual individual reaction to food or a drug.
 
 

 

 IDIOSYNCRASY (Gr. ἰδιοσυγκρασία, peculiar habit of body or temperament; ἴδιος, one's own, and oyepaacs, blending, tempering, from avyKEpavvva9ac, to put together, compound, mix), a physical or mental condition peculiar to an individual usually taking the form of a special susceptibility to particular stimuli; thus it is an idiosyncrasy of one individual that abnormal sensations of discomfort should be excited by certain odours or colours, by the presence in the room of a cat, &c.; similarly certain persons are found to be peculiarly responsive or irresponsive to the action of particular drugs. The word is also used, generally, of any eccentricity or peculiarity of character, appearance, &c.

 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 14

 


 

Cross-references in general dictionaries ἰδιοσ (79):

  • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 404
  • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 543
  • Andocides, On his Return, 2
  • Andocides, On the Peace, 36
  • Andocides, Against Alcibiades, 11
  • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 1.11
  • Antiphon, On the murder of Herodes, 61
  • Aristophanes, Frogs, 102
  • Aristophanes, Frogs, 890
  • Aristophanes, Knights, 467
  • Aristophanes, Plutus, 115
  • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 40.3
  • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 307
  • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 183
  • Demosthenes, Against Aristocrates, 65
  • Demosthenes, Against Polycles, 66
  • Demosthenes, Against Callicles, 8
  • Diodorus, Historical Library, 11.26
  • Euripides, Andromache, 376
  • Euripides, Hecuba, 641
  • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 1363
  • Euripides, Orestes, 558
  • Euripides, Orestes, 766
  • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1116
  • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 555
  • Herodotus, Histories, 1.132
  • Herodotus, Histories, 4.18
  • Herodotus, Histories, 5.63
  • Herodotus, Histories, 6.100
  • Herodotus, Histories, 6.9
  • Herodotus, Histories, 7.147
  • Herodotus, Histories, 8.109
  • Homer, Odyssey, 3.82
  • Homer, Odyssey, 4.314
  • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 73
  • Isocrates, To Philip, 108
  • Isocrates, Archidamus, 8
  • Isocrates, On the Peace, 127
  • New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.11
  • Plato, Laws, 796d
  • Plato, Laws, 807b
  • Plato, Laws, 890b
  • Plato, Laws, 946d
  • Plato, Republic, 363e
  • Plato, Republic, 366e
  • Plato, Republic, 443e
  • Plato, Republic, 521a
  • Plato, Republic, 535b
  • Plato, Republic, 543b
  • Plato, Republic, 606c
  • Plato, Republic, 580e
  • Plato, Apology, 30b
  • Plato, Sophist, 225b
  • Plato, Euthydemus, 305d
  • Plato, Gorgias, 481c
  • Plato, Gorgias, 484d
  • Plato, Protagoras, 349b
  • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 636
  • Strabo, Geography, 17.1.12
  • Thucydides, Histories, 1.141
  • Thucydides, Histories, 1.80
  • Thucydides, Histories, 1.82
  • Thucydides, Histories, 2.37
  • Thucydides, Histories, 3.45
  • Thucydides, Histories, 8.1
  • Thucydides, Histories, 2.61
  • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.3.3
  • Polybius, Histories, 1.71.1
  • Polybius, Histories, 21.6.4
  • Polybius, Histories, 2.57.5
  • Polybius, Histories, 4.84.8
  • Aristophanes, Clouds, 41
  • Plutarch, Themistocles, 18
  • Lucian, De mercede, 9
  • Lucian, Pro imaginibus, 19
  • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.21
  • Diodorus, Historical Library, 19.1
  • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 187
  • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 199

 

 

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